Everyone knows about the existence of spirits, but not all, where they came from. spirits first appeared in Egypt.That's faster than all the Egyptians realized that the delicate scent obtained from the resin of trees and burning.But it took many centuries to learn to turn the fruits, plants and flowers in absolute oils or resinoids essential.
There are six main manufacturing techniques of spirits, so let's look at them in more detail.
first technology - stretching evaporating extractants.
use high-solvent, we learned thanks to carbon chemistry.
Extraction takes place in the apparatus of the steel discs which do not rust and are mounted above each other.Because of this, the solvent may circulate freely and do not crush the flowers.Before you go into the sump to remove the water, the solvent should be soaked in oil.Then the extract directed to the apparatus itself in order to produce a concentrate in vacuo.After the stripping process remains chewy product that consists of waxes, pigments and aro
Konkret requires additional processing, unlike resinoids.They are lubricated with a variety of mixers with alcohol to dissolve oils and waxes retired .To get rid of traces of wax, you need to bring the mixture to a certain temperature between 12 and 15 degrees.Under reduced pressure, the alcohol solution evaporated.The result is absolute oil, which was called absolutes.
second technology - obtaining the essential oil when heated. It is the oldest technology.Once discovered the similarity of the properties of aromatic compounds with fats, we decided to drop the flowers in the vegetable or animal oils, which were pre-warmed in the sun or water bath.At the end of fats filtered through a cloth, after they have absorbed oil are contained in the flowers.
third technology - obtaining essential oils without heating. particular technology is different from the others in that it can produce a fragile flower, for example, the same as the tuberose or jasmine .
In this case, the petals are not disintegrating in the thick layer of fat and lowered into the warm solution.After gathering some flowers - while still alive, tuberose about 72 hours, and Jasmine - 24 hours.Then flowers replaced until the fatty substance is at a maximum saturated ethereal oil.
fourth technology - distillation with steam. It differs from the above technologies in that the first is based on the evaporation and later condensation of vapors.Water vapor has the ability to enthrall oils .For this purpose there is a specific apparatus called alembic.
Earlier this device was similar to the winery, which consists of three main parts:
2. Emeevikovy refrigerator
3. Alembic, which on top of the lid has been fixed.
in the inserted discs in the container stack vegetable raw materials.Before entering into the refrigerator, steam is fed into the bottom of the first distillation of the cube, that is a raw material, and then carried away with the essential oil.After cooling vapors and essential oils they condense in the refrigerator.
fifth technology - compression. This method is used for raw materials and refers to citrus.Their essential oils contained in the peel.Many saw when you compress a slice, then peel droplets appear, which consists of a mixture of water and aromatic oils.The same principle is used in perfumery.
sixth and latest technology - "a natural flower." perfume manufacturers comply with the tradition of making and using essential oils, which are obtained from trees, flowers and fruits.Of course, these oils are quite expensive and heavily mined.
Technology "natural flower" has become the most modern and popular in our time, as it was she who receives an unusual perfume fragrances.With its experts have studied the molecular composition of live flowers.Molecule for molecule, tried to find the same flavor and repeat it.Thus, we can express the meaning of technology: to accurately replicate the flavor of fruit or a flower, you need to know what is required of the molecule and in which the ratio is flavor.So we get a duplicate of the smell.
With this technology, you can get the flavor, which is characteristic of metals and stones.You can repeat the flavors belonging to the same flower in between all its flowering phase.
So are born spirits!