Toxoplasmosis is called a parasitic disease caused by protozoa are representatives - coccidia.Another interesting fact is that women are diagnosed with this disease is almost twice as likely than that of the male part of humanity.By itself, this disease is not so dangerous to the human body and it is often confused with the common cold.But toxoplasmosis during pregnancy - is a different matter, since there is always a risk of infection of the child.
Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy: how do you get infected?The main source of infection are different kinds of animals, but particularly dangerous are the representatives of the cat family, including pets.Statistics show that almost every other cat is a carrier of cysts of Toxoplasma.These microorganisms thrive in the intestine of cats and excreted into the environment with feces.
Infection occurs when a pregnant woman's care and contact with the pet.In addition, placement of cysts in the body possibly together with unwashed vegetables, fruits, as well as raw
Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy: symptoms.The first sign of toxoplasmosis is considered to be a significant increase in the lymph nodes, as well as their pain when touched.In addition, pregnant women may slightly increase the temperature.The disease is accompanied by joint pain, body aches, skin rash, headache, dizziness, and sometimes loss of consciousness.When studies revealed an enlarged spleen and liver.
Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy: how dangerous it is?Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy is dangerous not for the mother's body, and especially for the unborn child.The risk of complications depends on the duration of pregnancy.
If the mother is infected before pregnancy, the chance of complications is reduced to a minimum, as in this time have already develop antibodies that destroy the infection.Those women who had once been ill with toxoplasmosis, produced proof lifelong immunity to that disease.
In that case, if the infection has penetrated into the mother's body during the first half of pregnancy, the likelihood of Toxoplasma penetrate the placenta is about 10 - 14%.If all the same fetal infection occurred, many doctors believe the disease is an indication for abortion.The fact that the toxoplasma primarily affects fetal brain neurons, and this leads to various deviations in development, including mental retardation.Development of disease at early stages of pregnancy leads to fading fetus or abortion.
If the infection of the female body was in the later stages of pregnancy, the risk of penetration of Toxoplasma in the child's body is greatly increased, as over time weakens the placenta and passes this kind of infection.But at the same time, developmental disorders are less frequent, because the fetus already has its own, albeit a weak immune system.
Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy: diagnosis and treatment.Typically, tests for the presence of infection or immunity to it is carried out immediately after the detection of pregnancy and occasionally during its planning.If the infection has occurred while carrying a child, a sick woman is assigned a number of studies, including blood and amniotic fluid.If abortion is not possible, or the woman waived, then used for the treatment of a certain group of antibiotics.
methods of prevention of toxoplasmosis.If a woman's body no antibodies to the disease, then it must be carefully monitor their health.During this period, it is not necessary to keep the house pets.All products before use should be carefully washed with boiled water.Meat should not succumb to a thorough and proper heat treatment.