At the age of 12-16 years, the gender differences are formed, there is hormonal changes in the body.Adjusts the complex processes of a group of biologically active compounds, known as "vitamins".For teenagers in the most challenging from a physiological point of view, the period is important to obtain all necessary material and components.You can help move flanked by an immature body burdens of puberty, which are aggravated by eating disorders.Will address only one component of this process - the replenishment of active substances with the help of pharmaceutical products.
need for vitamins and age differences
purchased in a drugstore vitamins for teens 16 years old, you need to pay attention to the following.In this period a number of active substances (A, E, B5, B12) identical to those needs adult or exceed them.Other vitamins (A, C, folic acid) in 16 years, you need to take as much as 14-15 years.Adolescents aged 15-16 are particularly necessary active substances, which are responsible for:
- activity of endocrine and exocrine;
- immune responses;
- formation of the skeleton;
- strengthening the walls of arteries, veins and capillaries;
- protection of hair and nails.
Causes of hypo-and avitaminosis
During the growth, development and puberty with significant mental and physical tension in the body increases the need for vitamins.Provide it to the diet without the use of pharmaceutical drugs is difficult.Manufacturers of vitamins try to take into account age features, possible health problems caused by the shortage of certain components in food.The amount of nutrients in them is greatly reduced during the preparation of raw materials, storage, during the heat treatment.
Among vitamins there is a group that is not synthesized in the body.Some produced in insufficient quantities.Part of the active substance is rapidly cleared from the body with metabolic products (water-soluble) or poorly absorbed due to problems with digestion.
ABC Health: A, B, C, D, E
All known vitamins (about 15 names) are combined into two groups: fat-soluble, such as A, D, E, K, and water-soluble.The second group includes representatives of the Groups B, C, as well as a number of other compounds (see. Table below).Among vitamins there are hormones or their precursors, the active sites of biological catalysts (enzymes, enzymes).Here are the most important vitamins for teens (in brackets - a symbol):
- Retinol (A).Supports Health Skin, eye, provides antioxidant protection, resistance to infection and cancer.In low-light vision is broken, peeling skin, increased susceptibility to infectious diseases.
- Ascorbic acid (C).Strengthens the immune system, it helps fight infections.Deficiency in the body leads to the vulnerability of the gums, frequent colds, fatigue.
- Cyanocobalamin (B12).Participates in the formation of red blood cells, has immuno-modulating action.Leather with a deficiency of vitamin pale, flaccid muscles.
- Calciferol (D).Promotes the formation of bone substance, regulates the absorption of calcium, improves immunity.With a deficit of weak bones prone to fractures, tooth decay.
- Menadione (K).It regulates the process of blood clotting.
- Tocopherol (E).Ensure the functioning of the circulatory system, binds free radicals.Lack of vitamin causes problems with digestion.
- Folic acid (B9).Participates in the formation of red blood cells, regulates the metabolism of proteins.Deficiency can cause anemia, lethargy, irritability, poor appetite.
How vitamins help to cope with loads of school
Vitamins for a teenager of 15 years should include substances that help with significant physical and mental stress, eating disorders.Usually at this age completed the basic course of high school, which includes about two dozen academic disciplines.Many young people still visit circles and sections, play sports and participate in competitions.Fragile body is physically unable to cope with such stress.Add to this an eating disorder, poor environmental conditions, an abundance of food GMOs, preservatives, dyes.
In these cases, adolescents 15 years of age can take multivitamin complexes with prophylactic or therapeutic purposes at 1-2 tablets or 1-2 tablets 3 times a day.The course lasts 3-4 weeks.
Vitamins for Teens: improve memory, attention, stress management
active substances in multivitamins necessary at elevated mental stress, nervous exhaustion.They improve metabolic processes (including the brain), facilitate concentration and memorization.In such cases, suitable memory vitamins for teens.This medication "Aviton - GinkgoVita", "Biovital" (pills), "Bio-Max", "Vitrum Plus" (tablets).
The main purpose of such complexes - prevention and treatment of hypo-and avitaminosis.They are used as part of a combined treatment of many diseases, to increase resistance to infection, stress, unfavorable habitat.Vitamins for teens do not replace a full diet.They only add to its active substances, lack of which could adversely affect the condition of the body.
Physical and health problems
deciding what vitamins drink teenager, it is important not to be mistaken with the choice of drugs.This is a problem with several unknowns.There is a test by which determine the need for separate connections.
Very often, external signs signal the internal troubles.For example, change the color and texture of nails (decrease in strength, white spots, stratification).Problems with the skin and hair may indicate deficits individual vitamins in the body.In pharmacies without a prescription available syrups, pills, tablets containing active substances which are required to remove the body of a teenager like symptoms.
Best Vitamins for teenagers - multicomplex
active ingredients necessary for the body, complement or reinforce each other's action.It is very important for the proper assimilation of all elements.In addition, the teenager is released from the need to drink some pills, if taken daily complex vitamin preparation from the following list:
- «Vitrum teenager";
- «Vitrum Junior";
- «Yunikap M";
- «Multi-tabs Teenager";
- «Multivita plus";
- «Vitrum Circus»:
Before the use of multivitamins is recommended to consult a specialist for advice.Some components in adolescents can be idiosyncrasy.
best way to preserve health
daily intake of vitamins for teens is not only a quick and convenient method of replenishment of active substances in the body.It is also the best option of additional compounds which improve health, prevent disease, coping with disabilities.
textbook example - ascorbic acid (vitamin C).He studied the properties of matter Linus Pauling, the famous American chemist, winner of two awards of Alfred Nobel.It was he who established and by example showed that Vitamin C in large doses helps with infections (colds) diseases.Less of this method - high doses of laxative effect "askorbinki."
Conclusion The optimum amounts of vitamins helps to normalize all the functions of the body, which is especially important during puberty.The body of a teenager is particularly in need of protection from distress associated with a lack of active substances.