November 4 Day of National Unity - a little-known celebration with a long history.But we will try to understand it, based on historical facts and the arguments of reason.
Russia has always liked to have a rest and something to celebrate.Most marked dates wander from year to year, gradually losing the original meaning, overgrown with legends, losing its true face.Just people used to vacation at this time, and the government does not want to go against the masses.That stayed with us the New Year, surviving even Stalin and his "antipopovskimi reforms."March 8, we congratulate all the ladies, and has almost no one remembers the "solidarity of working women" and "Cacerolazo" - as happened with most of our holidays.History of National Unity Day was no exception, but it is interesting for its intriguing plot and ambiguous castling.If the rest of the holidays somehow preserved its original appearance, that we are discussing at all times of the day departed from its roots.But first things first.
Thus, the National Unity Day.The history of the festival dates back to 1612, when Minin and Pozharsky were able to unite the people and army to liberate Moscow from Polish invaders.It happened in the old style 22.10 (04.11 anew).Subsequently, Tsar Alexei Romanov established a date to celebrate this very year.And we are delighted!So it all started.Three centuries of Russian people celebrate this day festivities and amusements, proud force, its power and independence, which awakened in him without orders and exhortations.
What happened next?When the Bolsheviks came, it turned out that they were wicked in this holiday.But the people for centuries celebrated it in November!After all the wars, misery, deprivation exhausted people to take away from the holiday - it was unacceptable.But the celebration of events and keep Czarist Russia too it is impossible.What to do?Date slightly changed, and on November 7, began to celebrate the anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution.He left the National Unity Day, the history of the holiday is over?No!
In 1996, we officially have forgotten about the revolution, and the date of November 7 was the Day of Accord and Reconciliation.With this formulation in general it is dark.The presidential decree (December 2004) refers to the need to merge, consolidate the social strata of the Russian population.
In 2004 the Interreligious Council of Russia put forward the idea of the return of not only the original date, but the wording.The following year, the government signed an order - we returned to the National Unity Day, the story goes on holiday ...
What is the ratio of the current generation to this day?Ambiguous.History knows few, unfortunately.But young people like to be "united and invincible."The government is trying a lot to this holiday tradition and has found its most ardent admirers, especially among young people.Concerts, corporate events, sporting events - cities across the country are actively trying to fill the output of mass entertainment, folk festivals.This is definitely a good thing, because in this way to campaign for an active and healthy life, promotes national pride and patriotism, friendship and trust.
However, many older people consider this holiday meaningless.For the people it is gone, history.And we have even a day when the siege of Leningrad was lifted, not a weekend, to say nothing of Minin and Pozharsky.People do not realize who and what to congratulate, and the government uses the "habit of November."It has become a tradition - one day, but in November, people should relax.Although in essence it is just another date (of course significant) military battle.In this sense, the October Revolution has even more rights to the "red letter day" - after all, the change of social poles overthrow of the autocracy.
Since the Day of National Unity?The history of the festival discussed.Some say that the monument on Red Square is enough to remember the people's heroism.Others have advocated for the revival and preservation of traditions, sincerely believing that Russia needs more formal national and important dates.And the third thing - the output, even though the day would be the Flood.What is most typical for Russia - "third" most!Perhaps that is why the largest percentage of people interviewed, correctly identify the wording of the festival, starting from 2007 - 23. The only good news is that it is growing at the beginning of the poll its value was only 8%.