Old Russian dishes is diverse, although it was created mostly from wood.The appeal of it for modern people that she is beautiful, nebychna and manufacture of dishes was a real creative process, true art, which show imagination Russian craftsmen.
Features ancient utensils
As already mentioned, in Russia all utensils carved out of wood, and for food and drink.That is why we came to quite a few samples of the folk art.Old Russian dishes is varied - it bowls and buckets and jugs, and carved spoons.We create these attributes in different centers of Russian principalities, and each master is different from its own unique style.Painting and carving - this is the most common decoration of ancient pottery.Today, these products can be found except in museums but in private collections of fans of vintage knick-knacks.
What material was used to create
dishes came not all types of wood.Most often used birch, aspen and conifers.Soft lime was used to create spoons, ladles, nalivaek.And in the documents meet
This ancient Russian dishes came to us in a modified form, as the current models are not made of wood.Metal buckets in today's Russia are often used in the villages in the bath equipment.In the Ancient Rus bucket it was considered the most common type of festive dishes for a drink - they served honey, kvass, beer.The ensemble of large and small buckets served as a real decoration of the table.
This ancient Russian utensils for wine has always been elegant and interesting, for example, in the form of boat, floating bird.On the Northern Dvina created this dish with two handles, which resembled the head and tail duck.It plays an important role and a bright painting that adorns these simple peasant life attributes.In the Tver province, local craftsmen have created vessels in the form of a horse's head, decorated with carvings and geometric rosette in the center, which is an ancient symbol of the sun.And in 1558, during the reign of Ivan the Terrible, on his orders she was created ladle decorated with three large sapphires.Today it is a work of art is kept in a museum in Germany, where he was during the Great Patriotic War.
Buckets different regions
Moscow masters created buckets of cap, which allows you to save a beautiful grain pattern.These products had the form of a rook, a flat bottom and a pointed nose and a short horizontal handle.The vessels were dense and strong wall, and used as an additional decor silver bezel.Kozmodemyansk created buckets of lime and shaped like Moscow, but there were deeper and larger in volume.Made Tver masters buckets hollowing out tree roots often in the form of an elongated boat.But in the northern regions were created buckets-skopkari - vessels in the form of boat with two handles, one of which is sure to follow as the head of a bird or a horse.
Breadbasket and solonitsa
This ancient Russian dishes also was a mandatory attribute of any table, because bread and salt are important components of the diet.Bread used to store the pastry, and the master of its bast - layer of a tree trunk, which is located between the crust and the core.Such utensils protects the bread from the mold and humidity.
Sol in Russia was expensive, so to create dishes to store it approached very carefully.Solonitsa manufactured in two basic forms - in the form of a stool, which rises seat-cover or as a floating bird.Very beautiful and unusual look old Russian dishes - pictures show how much attention was paid to the elements of painting and carving.
Bratina, bowls and lid
If the name "bucket" and "solonitsa" (though we often call it "salt shaker") familiar to everyone, then the word "Bratina" is more complicated.Most likely, the name of the dishes comes from the word "Bratchina" which meant a festive meal.As a rule, it is executed as a ball that intercepted neck-top crown with curved edges.The Old ornament on the dishes of this kind was very different.For example, it has survived made in the XVIII century Bratina, decorated with paintings in the form of flakes with an inscription.By the way, the inscriptions also played an important role in the design of ancient pottery.They could talk about many things: the place and date of creation of the attribute, its host, and so on.
were in use in the old days and the bowls, which are wide dish with low edges.They were served fried and baked dishes, as in monasteries even baked loaves.The eyelid was a dish of oblong shape that the top is covered with a lid and additionally equipped with handles.It is used for different purposes: for baking cakes, storage, kvass, cooking meat dishes.Subsequently, the dish has become known to us in the pan.
Endova and cups
cups If all is clear, the valley - ancient Russian dishes whose names were different: and the cup, and yandova and Bratina.This tableware is a round container made of copper or bast, which was used for drinking beer, honey, home-made beer.Stylized such vessels in the form of figures of duck, goose, rooster, rooks, and each region had its own figures.Until now, such utensils have been preserved Karelian - they create a valley of linden wood, oak, maple or birch.
Tver masters created the best valley of the cap (build-up on the tree).Ware was carried out in the form of bowls on a special pallet (oval or square), and supplemented by nose-drain.Containers handled ax, then levels Skobelev.
Stavtsev and spoons
unusual and very colorful ancient Russian utensils made of wood, and her name is sometimes very unexpected.For example, a food was used stavets, which was created vytachivaniem on a special machine.This glassware was a two deep bowls - one served as the lid, but it can be used as a plate.Well, what a festive table spoons can do without?Perhaps this element is present in many utensils - nice and thick wooden spoon, richly decorated with paintings.In Stavtsev Rus and fruit were served with vegetables.But there was a specific kind of dishes fruit - lemongrass, Vegetable Man, borage.
large number of kinds of wooden spoons were in Novgorod Veliky.Especially look beautiful products that were sort of upbeat sapling.Most often used as an ornamental braid, which perform the technique contour thread.But in the northern regions were created Shadrova spoon with inlaid bones or teeth.Moreover, each region spoons have a unique shape.For example, in the Gorky region have created ladles, salad, fishing, thin spoons, which differed rounded and faceted handle-handle.Kirov spoon different egg-shaped shovels and flat handle.
In Ancient Russia all the dishes, used to drink called liquor or tavern.Thus virtually name of each original and interesting from the viewpoint of origin.Perhaps the most simple and straightforward vessel is a jar - it kept drinks and serve.A variation of the jug was kumgan, borrowed from the neighbors to the east, catching a narrow neck, long spout and handle.In kumgans often they store water, so they have a large volume.Olovyanniki - it is also a kind of pitcher.It stores and serve different drinks.But with glass products in Russia, the situation was very interesting.Thus, in the XII century it was known the word "steklyantsy," but they were imported from other countries.
Very interesting look and glass utensils, crockery and Old Wood.Pictures of ancient chronicles and records show that most of these attributes were simple, concise, and differed only in pictures and ornaments.Cookware called appearance and materials used to create it.