All, without exception, toddlers begin once hard to draw.Sometimes they do so at a speed of 20-30 pictures per day.Practicing psychologist, Ph.D. Baulina Maria is convinced that the painting is of paramount importance for the mental development of the child, despite the fact that many of his works of art reminiscent of picture drawn Carlson called "a very lonely rooster."At the beginning of the XX century child psychologists decided to use the image of the child as a mechanism for the study of his inner world.The most popular method was developed by the 3 drawing tests: "Figure nonexistent animal", "House-tree-man" and "Figure of the family."
Unfortunately, many parents, having caught the scheme of reading children's drawings, begin wrongly assess kalyaki-Malaki her baby.For example, if the child is picked up and painted over the entire sheet of black paint, it does not mean that it is close to a state of depression, although professional tests mean in this case, it is an interpretation.In order to pr
operly "read" the image, it is necessary to analyze not just one but many details, with it, certainly in their entirety.In addition, the pattern can not be a direct reflection of the mental state of the child, he can only to some extent indicate possible variations in the psychological condition of the baby.Studying the picture, it is important to take into account the age, intelligence and graphic skills test.After the baby is finished drawing, you should talk to him about the figure, to find out why he painted this or that character, chose a color.Prior to "read" an image is compulsory clarification of the facts of the real life of the baby.It is necessary to collect information on what events are taking place with the child during this period.And yet, look at the main points that you need to pay special attention to the interpretation of children's drawings.1. The structure of children's drawings.Of great importance is the location of each character on the sheet.Considering the figure, note that all family members are drawn.If a child who has forgotten, it may indicate that his relationship with the "forgotten" households are negative.And getting rid of his presence at least on paper, the child subconsciously tries to restore harmony in their feelings.Most child draws a family without brothers and sisters, explaining that he did not have enough space.Perhaps he did not have enough of your attention, and the kid blames the other children.Equally important is the size of each character.The more reserved space for a specific person, it is more significant in the eyes of a child.But the state must necessarily be read in conjunction with the manner of the image.For example, heavily shaded wolf, which is so big that the hare is almost no space left, and it does not fit all, says the fear toddler to these animals.And here is the big daddy in a beautiful hat and red jacket dutoy tell that this pope - the good and beloved dad in the world.Psychologists even began to joke about it: the less time left before the New Year approaching, the more the figure holds a bag of gifts.But the location of the characters does not matter.Spatial perception is not yet developed in a young man and it can be difficult to navigate on a sheet of paper.More informative is the study of interaction and proximity drawn characters: note how close to each other details of the picture, if family members or friends, then they hold hands or artist placed them far apart.2. The graphic features a children's drawing.Today psychologists have moved away from the view that the dark figure in the child (black, gray) indirectly indicating a depression baby, red necessarily reflect the aggressiveness, but the green - they will give a satisfactory, peaceful internal state toddler.And most of them practicing child psychologists are not enough for the heart, if you see in the picture the terrible purple spots on the head of Little Red Riding Hood.All the children, as these researchers have a keen interest in all colors.Thus, studying the black, they point out the contrast with respect to the white paper.Well, what interest sofa paint yellow pencil, if still nothing to be seen.It is quite another black pencil, one bar - and mom and dad will be able to appreciate the talent of the kid.Analyzing the chosen color, you need to pay attention to the pattern of choice.If a child paints itself green, and near his mother in the same dress, it is said that he identifies himself with it, that is the psychological contact with the mother is very strong.Great importance and drawing characters.The more thoroughly diligently child represents a particular object, the greater the importance it attaches to him in real life.Here in the course are various decorations using colors or dorisovki some moments.If your child is currently painted big eyes on a large head, then decorate their long lashes, and his clothes very carefully and gently shaded, you can not worry about his self-esteem, it's all right.Conversely, if the character is depicted purely schematically, the child in your life does not give it much importance.In addition, we must be able to distinguish the important details from the usual stereotypical things that a child has learned in the learning process drawing.For example, a smile on the face of the terrible aggressive eater, nothing will change.Just a child knows that "on the face need to draw a smile."3. The process of drawing.Watching the very process of painting, you need to pay attention to: - the sequence of drawing characters;- The sequence of drawing of individual parts;- Moments of corrections or erasures;- Whether the child is returned to the already finished objects and details.It is important to listen to the child's comments about his masterpiece and specify the name that came up with the author.Just sometimes without special explanations difficult to understand what drew the young artist.A "home of pirates" and "princess fairy house" may look exactly the same.