Today grader entering the school should have a good read.This is one of the main criteria for preparing modern schooling.Basically, the problem is to teach a child to read rests on the shoulders of parents.
Before you teach a child to read, parents need to understand what mental processes are helping the formation of this skill.
Memory promotes visual memorization and reproduction of images of letters, combinations of letters, syllables, and whole words.
Attention, its volume and distribution, help the child to keep in the "field of view" a certain number of letters, syllables, words.
Thinking responsible for Synthetic and analytical reading process, stimulates the development of phonemic hearing, which allows you to learn the structure of sound-letter word.
Good pronunciation and broad-minded, too, play an important role in the formation of reading skills.
developing mental functions, parents provide the foundation on which it will be easy to learn not only reading, but also writing, arithmetic.
How to teach your child to read at home without the help of pre-school teachers?Firstly, we take it a rule never to force your child to read.All we want to do is call the game.
The game teach letters.Letters should be everywhere: blocks, pictures, wordstrips, magnets, etc.The letters can be painted, cut, paste, draw from the designer.Well, if the child can touch the letter created with his own hands made of different materials: fabric of different textures, millet, clay, etc.The tips of the fingers are also "remember" the letter.
How to teach a child to read by syllables?This is the next step in home teaching reading.Do not confuse the child, explaining to him that: "CEs and A - is the VA."What this phrase "extra" sounds?
syllable is better to buy a table or make a card with the syllables themselves.Again playing, memorizing just a syllable: Ba Ri Su.The child perceives visually once the whole image of the syllable.
parallel develop phonemic hearing.For a child, it is important to learn to be isolated from the speech words from the word sounds and syllables.With the sound, too, can play: a) Find the word around with the sound of "p";b) Guess the word in which the first sound of "t";c) in which word hidden sound "a".These and similar games will not only teach a child attentive to the word, but also will become the perfect companion when you need something to occupy children.
Next game could be a bridge to learning to read.Guess what the word is intended.Adult refers to the sounds of the word: K-O-T, and the child says the entire word.First guessing little words, then longer.
already possible and books taken.Consider carefully the page, call the familiar letters, syllables.Try to name the syllables-merger, holding a consonant: in-in-in-a.
But mastered syllabary reading.How to teach a child to read smoothly?First work on pronunciation.Any poem which the child knows by heart, you can turn a game.We will tell a poem quietly, loudly, slowly, like a song we sing like a bird market.This charge helps to develop speech articulation.When a child begins to read, warning that our tongue does not mince words, like an ax firewood.The tongue utters the syllables smoothly as duck floats on the river.
Progress younger schoolboy is characterized only on estimates, but some indicators of academic skills.One of them - the technique of reading.How to teach a child to read quickly?We must adhere to the following rules:
- Additional reading should be regular and constant.Every evening, the child must read aloud to yourself.Suppose that in the beginning it will be one page, and then increase the number of pages.Pick literary material in accordance with the interests of the child.
- Do not forget about the game.We read in the chain: first the mother, then the Son;read on roles;We read only short words, and then only long;We read the words of a combination of letters ORI, ARD, EPE etc.You can think of a lot of interesting jobs for a joint reading.Parents show an example of a smooth, fluent reading, the child tries to imitate.
- continue to develop attention and memory.The better developed the processes, the faster formed reading skills.