coryza or runny nose - one of the symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection, which is accompanied by high fever, loss of appetite and coughing.Especially hard it is tolerated in infants, which behaves nervously, not eating, and often wakes up.
first symptom of rhinitis - appearance in the axils of the liquid and transparent substance - serous then mucous, and after the spread of bacterial infection - mucopurulent.Runny nose in infants transferred harder because the nasal passages are small and clogged faster than in adults.The child is difficult to breastfeed with a stuffy nose and sometimes nearly impossible.In addition, a baby can not blow his nose himself, so parents need to help him cope with the disease.
So, runny nose in infants.What to do?
1. Cleaning the nasal passages using cotton swabs to stop (release them specifically for children).Carefully sweep mucus and dried crust.Do not damage the delicate skin, ask another person to hold the baby - he can shake his head, and toss and tur
2. Hydration of the nasal mucosa.This can be done by ordinary mineral water dripped or special tools on the basis of seawater ("Saline", "Aqua Maris").They are easy to use and safe for babies.After wetting crust removed more easily.
3. Using the nasal aspirator.The most simple - a rubber bulb or balloon-tipped nose.If a runny nose in infants, select a soft nozzle.Click on the balloon or a pear, releasing the air, hold the tip to the nostril and the other clamp.With a slow decompression pear or cylinder mucus is absorbed.Aspirator ENT doctors recommend using only with a strong nasal congestion, it does not help when the above means.Too frequent and unjustified use of the device there is a risk of infections and otitis media.Electric aspirator is more secure, but quite expensive.
4. vasoconstrictor nose drops can be used only on doctor's advice!These contain alpha-agonists (drugs "Nazivin", "Otrivin") or sympathomimetic (means "Nazol Baby").The action of these substances constrict blood vessels, rushes to the nasal mucosa less blood swelling subsides, while breathing much easier.
means "Nazivin", according to the instruction, the children from one month to one year appoint 1-2 drops in each nostril 2-3 times a day, a newborn - 1 drop.Do not use any vasoconstrictor drugs more than 5 days, with a long reception runny nose may increase.Observe the dosage and use special children droplet (wherein the concentration of the active ingredient in solution below), since in high concentrations they may cause malfunctions of the heart.Remember vasoconstrictor signs of poisoning: increased heart rate, lethargy and sleepiness.
sometimes causes runny nose teeth in infants who are going about to appear.A distinctive feature of the rhinitis - it lasts no more than 4-5 days and watery discharge, transparent.
choice of means to treat a runny nose in infants, today is huge.But when they are used should be careful and considerate, to act on the recommendation of a physician.In time, seek medical attention.Be healthy!