African swine fever is a contagious disease.It is characterized by fever, necrotic or inflammatory changes in parenchymal organs.Also, it is characterized by hemorrhagic diathesis.
African swine fever: What is this disease
Its causative agent is a DNA virus, which is separated into an independent family.This virus is very resistant to low temperatures.It is also resistant to drying and rotting.The source of infection are sick animals that carry the virus for more than fifteen months.Most often infection occurs through damaged mucosal wounds on the skin, through the meat, blood and so on.Sometimes the infection is transferred insects that come in contact with the patient (dead) animals.
In vivo affects African swine and wild and domestic pigs.The virus can lurk in the body for a long time and did not have an effect.Generally, the incubation period lasts from five to ten days.Most often the disease is very fast.Its main forms: acute, hyperacute, chronic, subacute, latent.The most common of these fo
for hyperacute flow characterized by a very high body temperature of the animal.It appears dyspnea, death occurs within three days.African swine fever can cause death even without any clinical manifestations.
When acute course of the temperature is also always increased.State animal becomes oppressed weakness, lack of appetite, drowsiness, paresis of course, possible vomiting, and bloody diarrhea.The latter is not particularly frequent, since in most cases the animals are suffering from constipation.In this case one can observe purple spots, which are located on the snout, belly, neck, perineum.African swine acute form may be accompanied by bronchitis.Before his death, the temperature falls below normal.In most cases, the animal dies being comatose.
subacute symptoms of the disease is not very different from acute.Simply, it is slow.Last African plague in this case may be up to twenty days.The result - death.
In chronic course of the disease does not occur very often.Some animals survive.Symptoms: Slow growth, stunting, exhaustion, arthritis and so on.
for Latent not have any specific clinical manifestations.
African swine fever: treatment and prevention
No treatment is still not there.The prevention measures may be different.As it is impossible to prevent the spread of contaminated meat.For this purpose there veterinarsky supervision.Particular attention is paid to import pig meat, which is imported from countries which were once recorded outbreak of the disease.
When a pathogen all the animals that belong to a particular farm, are quarantined.In almost all cases, they killed a bloodless manner.The bodies burned - this is a mandatory rule.All farms that are in the neighborhood, be sure tested.
spread of infection When you cut all svinopogolovja at a distance of ten kilometers square.
African swine fever in Russia
the first time in our country, it was recorded in 1977.In that year, killing many animals, but failed to stop the epidemic.The second time she has fallen on our country in 2008.It is worth noting that in recent years it can be quite often.African swine fever in the Krasnodar Territory, Rostov Region, Novokubansky area and other regions of the Russian Federation has dealt a big blow to farmers.