Many purchasing an aquarium, try to make it beautiful, so to look involuntarily stopped at this miracle every time when you just pass by.Of course, if the glass house has settled residents want to look at it endlessly.However, some fish is not enough.We must take care of the regeneration of the house, in particular, to choose a suitable ground for the aquarium.
At first glance, there is nothing complicated: a mound of sand from a nearby quarry, and let them swim in peace.This error often do newcomers.As a result, over time, the aquarium water is turbid, plants die, and the number of fish is rapidly declining.Therefore, choosing the ground for an aquarium must be very careful, as it has several key features.First, it is certainly an aesthetic.The appearance of the tank changes radically as soon as it poured a nice layer.In accordance with his second feature, the soil should be fertile ground for the growth of aquatic plants and activity of various microorganisms.In addition, it performs a filter functi
doubt, it is best to perform these functions fit the sand or gravel.But all is not suitable.It should always be river sand having a particle size of about 1.5 - 2 mm, smaller is not necessary to apply.If you want to add gravel, select the one with the particle size is 3 - 4 mm.
the whole aquarium soil must meet the following requirements:
· have a porous structure;
· particles included in it should be the optimum size;
· number of calcareous rocks, entering into its structure - minimum;
· should create the necessary breeding ground for plants and microorganisms;
· it includes no harmful and poisonous substances;
· should be dark in color.
In choosing colors must stop further.Dark sand is needed to prevent the reflection of light, which can cause the temperature drop at the water - soil.In addition, if you choose to select the white quartz sand, you minimize the circulation of water, as this sand is too close to the bottom of the aquarium.This, in turn, can cause destruction of plants due to root rot.It should also avoid sand red and yellow.This color indicates that the composition of the sand contains a considerable quantity of iron oxides that can very adversely affect the vital functions of fish and plants.The amount of clay is also minimized, so the soil of quarries and will not do.
Very many people are attracted to artificial soil tank, made of different colored glass.But few people will think how it is harmful to fish, because its grains have sharp edges, about which enough can easily injure fish.Try to create the conditions for fish close to where they live in a natural environment.Let the sand is present.
support the biological equilibrium state will help the periodic cleaning of soil in an aquarium.If you decide to collect the sand in the river on their own, before you lay it on the bottom of the aquarium, and expose its processing.The simplest method of treatment is boiling for 15 minutes.Do not forget to add water and stir constantly.Then rinse with warm water and sand.It is possible to process the heated 25% solution of hydrochloric acid and then rinsed in three waters.Processing sand sulfuric acid help soften the water, but the field of processing of the sand must be washed at least two hours in running water.
Now you know how to choose and processed ground for the aquarium.